What is the immune system?
The immune system is a collection of organs, tissues, cells, and enzymes all united under one goal: protect the body.
The immune system has two parts
- Innate it’s called the (non-specific) immune response
- Acquired it is a specific immune response
It is a first-line system and defense from pathogens that try to enter our bodies, achieved through protective barriers. These barriers include like,
It is helpful in the skin that keeps out the majority of pathogens
- Mucus that traps pathogens
- Stomach acid that destroys pathogens
- Enzymes in our sweat and tears that help create anti-bacterial compounds
- Immune system cells that attack all foreign cells entering the body
Acquired is regulated by cells and organs in our body like the spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and lymph nodes. It is helpful when a foreign substance enters the body, these cells and organs create antibodies and lead to the multiplication of immune cells (including different types of white blood cells) that are specific to that harmful substance and attack and destroy it. Immune system again destroy the antibodies and cells when adapts by remembering the foreign substance so that if it enters again
What essential nutrients are required for energy and immune support
Everyone knows Essential nutrients are compounds and our body can’t make or can’t make in sufficient quantity. But according to WTO (World Health Organization Trusted), we can get these nutrients to come through food, and they’re vital for disease prevention, growth, and good health.
There are many essential nutrients, but we can break into two categories
Macronutrients (In macronutrients eaten large amounts and in which include the primary building blocks of your diet like protein, carbohydrates, and fat — which provide your body with energy).
Micronutrients (In which include Vitamins and minerals)
There are six main groups of essential micronutrients and macronutrients,
Protein is an important element for the body and is used primarily for growth, health, and body maintenance. Our body startling 16 percent of the average person’s body weight is from protein. Protein is used all of your hormones, antibodies, and other important substances that are composed of protein. Protein is usually made of up different amino acids. Your body can create some amino acids on its own; many essential amino acids can only come from food. If you want your body to perform all functions properly then you need a variety of amino acids.
Proteins carry out a variety of functions in your body in which including,
Protein is most important for the growth and development of muscles, bones, hair, and skin of your body.
Helpful in forming antibodies, hormones, and other essential substances
In your body when needed cells and tissues then protein is best for this.
You can take proteins through their diet. The following foods are good sources of protein, like red meats (limit their use and choose lean cuts).In poultry, including chicken and turkey fish and other seafood beans and legumes egg dairy products soy nuts some grains, including quinoa. So meats and fish tend to contain the highest levels of protein.
It is the second biggest necessary element for a healthy body. It is good for your central nervous system and brain and protects your body against disease.
There two types of Carbohydrates
Simple (In which include bread, pasta, and rice)
The complex type support the following function
- Provide help in the immune system
- Control brain function
- the nervous system
- energy to perform tasks
- digestive function
In complex includes this type of food, quinoa, brown rice, vegetables, whole grain pasta, bread, and other baked goods, oatmeal, fruits, barley.
Water is the most important and necessary element. A person can survive without food for a week but without water, they cannot survive a few days without consuming water, and lack of water can cause headaches and impaired physical and mental functioning. It is crucial for every system in your body. You know about 62 percent of your body weight is water. Water is most important for your brain function and mood. Water is a shock absorber and a lubricant in the body and also helps flush out toxins, carry nutrients to cells, hydrate the body, and prevent constipation.
Water helps with several functions, including:
- flushing toxins out
- shock absorption
- transporting nutrients
- preventing constipation
Minerals work in your body as a vitamin and helpful for the body. It is essential for many body functions and sources of building strong bones and teeth, regulating your metabolism, and staying properly hydrated. They protect the body in different shapes like calcium, iron, and zinc. It is not just strengthening bones, calcium helps with nerve signal transmission, maintaining healthy blood pressure, and muscle contraction and relaxation. Iron supports your red blood cells and hormone creation, while zinc boosts your immune system and wound healing.
If you want a healthy body then off disease then vitamins is best for this. A body needs these micronutrients to support its functions and 13 essential vitamins that the body needs to function properly, including vitamins A, C, B6, and D.
Fat is supported and protects many of your body’s functions such as vitamin and mineral absorption, blood clotting, building cells, and muscle movement.